CYCLO HEXANE (C6H12)
Cyclohexane is a cycloalkane, a type of organic compound with a ring structure consisting of six carbon atoms. Cyclohexane is commonly manufactured through a process called the oxidation of cyclohexene. This involves the reaction of cyclohexene with atmospheric oxygen in the presence of a metal catalyst to produce cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone, which can then be hydrogenated to form cyclohexane. The reaction conditions, such as temperature, pressure, and type of catalyst, can be optimized to increase the yield and purity of the final product.
Appearance: colorless liquid
Odor: Mild, gasoline-like odor
Molecular weight: 84.16 g/mol
Density: 0.779 g/cm³ (liquid)
Boiling point: 80.7°C
Melting point: 6.5°C
Flash point: -18°C
- Cyclohexane is insoluble in water, but soluble in common organic solvents such as ethanol, benzene, and ether.
- It is used as a solvent in various industrial processes, as a starting material for the production of adipic acid and caprolactam, and as an intermediate in chemical synthesis.
- Cyclohexane is used as a precursor in the manufacture of Nylon 6,6.
- Cyclohexane is also used as a solvent in other chemical processes and as a raw material for the production of other chemicals, such as phenol and cyclohexanone.
- Cyclohexane is used as a solvent in the petroleum industry to extract various petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel fuel. Cyclohexane’s solubility properties make it useful in the separation of different petroleum components, as it can help dissolve and extract specific fractions, such as gasoline and diesel fuel, from crude oil.
- Cyclohexane is used as a solvent in the production of some paints and coatings. It is favoured for its low volatility, high solvency power, and low toxicity
- Cyclohexane is a reagent used in the preparation of APIs, or active ingredients.
- In the agriculture industry, cyclohexane is used as a solvent in the production of pesticides and herbicides. The solubility properties of cyclohexane make it a useful solvent for dissolving active ingredients, such as insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides, which are then sprayed on crops to control pests and weeds.
- Wear appropriate protective clothing such as gloves, goggles, and a lab coat to prevent skin and eye contact with the chemical.
- Ensure that the work area is well-ventilated to reduce the risk of inhalation of cyclohexane fumes.
- Store cyclohexane in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area, away from heat sources and flames. Keep the containers tightly closed when not in use.
- Avoid spilling, splashing, or otherwise releasing cyclohexane into the environment. If a spill occurs, clean it up immediately and follow proper disposal procedures.
- Avoid skin and eye contact with cyclohexane. If the substance does come into contact with the skin or eyes, rinse the affected area immediately with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes.